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M.A. Gracheva

A.A. Kharkevich Institute for Information Transmission Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences

A.A. Kazakova

A.A. Kharkevich Institute for Information Transmission Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
State Scientific Center of Russian Federation — Institute of Bio-medical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Visual acuity charts in the Russian Empire, the USSR and modern Russia

Authors:

M.A. Gracheva, A.A. Kazakova

More about the authors

Journal: Russian Annals of Ophthalmology. 2023;139(3): 126‑139

Views: 962

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To cite this article:

Gracheva MA, Kazakova AA. Visual acuity charts in the Russian Empire, the USSR and modern Russia. Russian Annals of Ophthalmology. 2023;139(3):126‑139. (In Russ.)
https://doi.org/10.17116/oftalma2023139031126

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