Aim — to perform chemical microanalysis of mineral deposits on the surface of explanted hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOL). Material and methods. Two soft IOLs made of hydrophilic acryl (one, however, hydrophobic surface coated) and explanted 3 and 6 years after implantation were examined by scanning electron microscopy (EVO LS10, «Carl Zeiss», Germany). Chemical composition of the lens surface was studied using an energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS X-Max50, Oxford, Great Britain). Results. Chemical microanalysis allowed identification of the deposits, which turned out to be non-stoichiometric hydroxylapatite (also, hydroxyapatite (HA)) crystals with zinc impurity (up to 1.4%weight). Conclusion. The two samples represent two stages of a single process. The early stage is associated with newly formed HA crystals that are unable to cause any significant changes to the lens surface. However, as spherocrystals grow, they exert a crystallization effort that moves their growth centers apart with subsequent lens rupture and deformation. Crystal morphology undergoes dynamic changes: while primary (newly formed) crystals are sheaf-like, mature are spheres. A growing HA is non-stoichiometric. Zinc abundance accounts for appearance of its separate mineral phase. Hydrophilic properties of acrylic polymer determine its high affinity for HA crystals. Hydrophobic coating (sample no.1) does not completely prevent lens opacification due to mineral deposits on its surface.